Capri Leggings Buying Guide

Capri Leggings Buying Guide

2021-05-12
Concises YuGa Sports
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Shenzhen Concises YuGa Sports manufacturer Co,. Ltd. promises to global customers that every capri leggings has undergone rigorous quality testing. Each step is strictly monitored by the professional quality inspection department. For instance, the feasibility analysis of the product function is carried out in the design; the incoming material adopts manual sampling. Through these measures, the quality of the product is guaranteed.Concises YuGa Sports is dedicated to providing a dependable product at an unbelievable value. High quality products have enabled us to maintain a reputation of absolute trustworthiness. Our products have been active in all kinds of international exhibitions, which has been proven to be a impetus to sales volume. In addition, with the assist of social media, our products have attracted many fans and some of them have the intention to learn more about these products.Our employees bend themselves to provide whole-hearted service to our customers at Concises YuGa Sports manufacturer. We have broadened our service channels, such as the packaged design of the product, mass quantities supply, operation training, etc. Any other requirements and feedback from customers are warmly accepted and we strive to provide personalized service for customers.
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Dream About a Hospital. Please Interpret.?
Dream About a Hospital. Please Interpret.?
You've been to a hospital recently for some reason, dreams are a way for the brain to reorganize memory1. Which of these laptop configurations is better for gaming?Any laptop will be designed to not meltdown, typically. So no worries there :) If it's put in a laptop, I think you will be fine. Purely from a preference standpoint, I like nVidia's graphics over ATI. I just think their graphics "look" better. If possible, I would highly recommend finding these cards and seeing their performance in person. If not, I would probably do some diligent research on opinions of these particular models of laptop. I would probably buy the Sager, only because it has the nVidia graphics, and more hard drive space (always a plus), and it looks like it's a faster processor. The rest of the specs seem roughly equivalent, and if you needed more RAM you could always buy more/better RAM and install it yourself. As a gamer, i often find I wish i had "more" graphics card, so 2GB of memory seems pretty sweet compared to 1GB. That's twice the storage the card can use instead of using your system resources. Ask for any details about returning your purchase before you buy - that way you can check out the system yourself.2. 8 bit computer graphics [closed]Generally you will have a video RAM somewhere where the memory locations correspond to the pixels on the display. This is generally special-purpose memory as it has to be read out continuously and written to the display. In the case of a standard computer monitor, the video card will read pixel data out of memory and send it to the display via VGA, HDMI, or DVI. In the case of a dot matrix display connected to a microcontroller, the video memory generally resides within the display control chip on the display. The control chip continuously reads out the memory and drives the pixels on the display. The CPU then just has to write to the video RAM where it wants the pixels turned on or off. In computer monitors, several bytes correspond to each pixel. In monochrome display, each bit in each byte could correspond to a pixel. If you want to turn on some pixel x,y all you need to know is what memory location corresponds to that pixel and update it accordingly, either setting the color you want or turning on the specific bit that corresponds to that pixel. To the microprocessor, everything is just a number; there is nothing inherent about the video ram that says 'this is video data' aside from the fact that it gets written to the display. Edit: as for your 'pong' game, this is a completely different animal. The chip on there generates a composite video signal on the fly. If you just want to draw some dots or lines, this is not terribly complicated. The basic idea is that a frame of video is represented by a series of lines, transmitted in sequence. The lines are marked by horizontal sync pulses, and the frames are marked by vertical sync pulses. In old CRT monitors, the sync signals are used to control the scanning of the electron beam across the display while everything in between the sync signals is sent directly to the electron gun to change the intensity. All the microcontroller needs to do is generate the sync pulses at the right times and then set the output 'high' when the electron gun is currently pointed at the spot on the display that the controller wants to make light up white. This can either be done with a video RAM, reading out one pixel at a time, or with a bunch of carefully-configured timers and counters. This chip does not have enough RAM to store a whole frame, so most likely they are using the timer method. The game has two paddles and a ball. To generate the video signal, the controller generates one line of video at a time like so: generate an HSYNC pulse, wait until the first paddle column comes around, draw one point on the paddle if it currently intersects that line, wait until the ball column comes around, draw the ball if the ball is supposed to be on that line, wait for the second paddle column to come around, draw the paddle if it intersects the current line, wait the right amount of time for the next HSYNC pulse, and repeat. There are some details with respect to generating the VSYNC signal as well as only drawing on the visible area of the display as well.3. Why is this Smart Modular Technologies RAM Chip half the price of the Kingston KTH-ZD7000/1G model?Certain "name" brands of memory like Kingston, Toshiba etc cost more, but twice as much is too high. I am partial to Corsair and Crucial myself... Smart Modular is not a big brand name, so it looks like they are just selling generic memory. I am also not all that impressed with Kingston's quality- I've had a few bad sticks from them over the years.
It Is Summer and Hot Water Will Not Come Out of Any Faucet?
I presume cold water DOES come out of the cold faucets, right? When the water enters your house, part of it is sent to some kind of water heater, then to the hot water pipes/faucets. Even if the water heater was shut off, busted, etc water would still come out of the hot water faucets, it just would not be hot. So, you need to find out where your water heater is and follow the pipes in/out and see if there is a valve that has been shut off (maybe work was done on the pipes and they forgot to turn it back on). You might want to check & see if you still HAVE pipes, (maybe some crackhead stole them for the copper). Could also be a pipe is clogged with minerals, kinked off because somebody bent it, but these would be unusual. Note: water is heated by several different methods and you did not mention what kind of system you have so, hard to give any specific help.1. Water in shower comes out of the faucet AND showerhead?The knob is called a diverter and it either needs a new seal or replaced. When you pull or push the knob, a flapper moves to shut off the water to the tub and divert it to the shower piping. If this knob is on the tub spout, replacing the spout is easier and cheaper than trying to repair it.2. The water coming out of the faucet smells bad?Try this. Draw water from another faucet that does not smell into a bucket. Pour that bucket of water down the bathroom sink. If that produces the smell, the problem is in the bathroom drain trap. If it does not produce the problem, that new faucet you installed must be the problem3. is it necessary to have a filter screen for a bathroom sink faucet?No, but it keeps the water from spalshing every where. You can buy new filter screens at the home depot, etc. Take your old one with or measure the faucet opening and remember whether the threads to the faucet are on the inside or outside.4. Sand from the water faucet?Are you on a well or municipal supply?5. Leaky rotating ball faucet (cold only)?It is the part called the seat that is leaking. You can buy a new seat kit for about $1.49. The kit will come with two seats and two springs. Remove the ball assembly( called the cartridge ) and the seats are under it in the end of the pipe itself. Use a small screw driver to reach through the hole in the seat and remove it. Replace the spring that is under the seat and the seat. Of course make sure the water is turned off before dis assembly. You can buy seat kits at any hardware store or home center. You can not tell by looking at the parts of a faucet if they are good or bad. If it is leaking through the faucet it is a seat leaking. If it is leaking around the faucet it is one of the o rings or a bad cartridge.6. shower hose that attches directly to tub faucet?If I remember right Lowes or Home Depot have a faucet that you can change and has a adapter to screw a hose too????7. How do you get a drippy faucet to stop?You need to replace the gaskets. After turning off the water from below the sink, you take the faucet apart, find the gaskets, go to a local hardware store (bring the gaskets along so you can match them up), buy the new gaskets, and then go home and put the faucet back together again. (Take notes or draw pictures as you take it apart if you are not sure you can put things back the way they belong)8. is safe pour water faucet in bottle water?Do not try it it will turn out very bad9. My bathtub faucet...?if you got the pull lever on the down spout to switch the water to your shower the downspout would have to be replaced it just unscrews out. then take ti to a local home depot lowes ect and match it up good luck :0) it will be pretty tight so you may need to get your boyfriend/husband to unscrew it
Boyfriend Comments "cakes" on His Friend's Picture in a Bikini?
Well not if you know that he has no intentions of leaving you for her....I mean if he is just doing this from the "friendly" side of himself..I would not sweat on it too much. If she is a threat to you, then I would say yea. ..Talk to him about it! I know it sounds so simple, but it never feels that way1. Boyfriend comments "cakes" on his friend's picture in a bikini?Its just a guy thing its no bigge trust me if it bother you that bad comment o a guys pic to make it even :)2. my father has passed away and his friend told us that they had a verbal agreement?If this agreement were true it would have been in his will. She sounds like a chancer and a deeply unpleasant person taking advantage of a sad situation. Ask for the goods that she has taken back that were not mentioned in the will - she should no be helping herself to anything untill the will has been properly read and this sorted -if she refuses go to the police and report it as theft. If it is the car and tv then that is it, nothing else. If she has sold property that is not hers then she has to give you the cash. Again get the police involved - there are lots of people who do this sort of trickery for a living, no better than con artists. I am sorry that this is happening to you - I had a very similar thing happen to me when my grandparents died - its disgusting how vulture-like people can become. However you must not let her taken advantage of your grief - protect yourself from this awful person otherwise she will clear out, and get the police and a solicitor involved. Best of Luck!3. found pics of hubbies co worker on his cell cleavage butt face says they were for his friend?Well, he's lying. I do not blame him. I would lie too. I do not know if you are at the leaving point though. Time to have a discussion about trust4. In what ways would a guy help his friend get...?well that was really complicated im guess its either 1 or 2 hhahahha i didnt understand it much sorry, but maybe if you gave them names (fake ones, e.g. peter and tom and ella or whatever) then it would be easier to understand... sorry :)5. How did Dick Cheney manage to shoot his friend on that hunting trip?Probably owes him money,or threatened to tell everyone about his lies to the American people6. From the movie master and comander the song that captin jack and his friend the docter-?The score includes an assortment of baroque and classical music, notably the Bach Suites for Unaccompanied Cello played by Yo-Yo Ma, the third movement of the Corelli Christmas Concerto and a recurring rendition of Ralph Vaughan Williams' Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis. From wiki.7. Husband and his friend (girl) having too much fun?Trust your instincts! You have mentioned your feelings to your husband and he seems to have taken it on board and acted more considerately toward you the next time you went out. That is really good. Try suggesting and/or planning some things you and your husband can do on your own. How about a movie and dinner? Where is the other half of this woman's stable relationship when you all meet? I am sure you are not the only one who is noticing this behaviour. Try inserting yourself in between the two of them and flirt with your husband.8. My EX boyfriend and his friend has been spying on my PC?He probably reset your privileges to non-administrator which means you dont have full control over your computer. Try to delete the administrator account, or set yourself to be an administrator. If you can not , then try to log in the admin account. Also, add a password to your account. Since you turned off remote desktop hopefully he should not be able to get into your computer again.9. OMG! SOMEONE TELL ME HOW TO GET REVENGE ON MY BROTHER AND HIS FRIEND!!?I would do the shaving cream trick. When hes asleep put shaving cream in his hand. Tickle his face and it will go all over. or you could wright something like plan a killing or an evil sceam
Who the Hell Drinks 8 Glasses of Water a Day?
Since I started being healthy its all I drink. On the weekend I may have some beers, but besides that, I drink a ton of water. Probably 5 glasses a day? My workout alone I usually finish off this huge water bottle I have.1. My mom doesn't seem to understand the oil light's importance, how can I effectively explain how important it is?I would offer to check the oil, water, screenwash, tires etc once a week for her.This you could consider as "helping" at home as the list of tasks is long : cooking food, washing clothes etc etc I did that when I was growing up, also at 11 I was repairing the washing machine - the start of a long career fixing stuff....You have to remember that some can "see" mechanical things and have mechanical sympathy - but others can "see" different things : ever tried to read a knitting pattern? So, if you can do the mechanical things for your Mum, then do them, even for your sisters : they will appreciate it.2. im not very good at cooking but i wanna make pancakes before my parents wake up?Buy pancake mix that says ADD WATER on the box!!!! SIMPLE!!! Follow the directions and put the frying pan and turn the isle dial up a third of the way( if its number says 1-10, put it on 3 or 4) Flip when the pancakes stop bubbling!!!3. Best Hydration Packs: Water When you Need it on the GoEntering our 7th season of /DRIVE on NBC Sports, and with millions of YouTube and Facebook followers, The Drive is a leading authority of all things automotive. Easy access. When using a water bottle, you may need to make frequent stops to retrieve it from your bag. With a hydration pack, you do not need to stop to take a sip of water. Thanks to the drinking tube, you can drink whenever you want and enjoy hands-free hydration. Portability. A hydration pack allows you to bring along more water for long distances. Using a comfortable water bag on your back is easier when walking or cycling than having bottles rattling in a regular backpack. Convenience. Hydration packs come in many sizes and shapes. You can pick the one that fits your activity the best and feels most comfortable. They also fold down for storage when out of water, so you can carry them with ease. Durability. The main benefit of hydration packs is the sturdy construction. They can withstand a lot of abuse and still provide excellent performance, unlike most water bottles. The sturdy material can take a beating and still wo not leak unless being cut open. These look a lot like standard backpacks, but they have water reservoirs and drinking tubes. They further fall into categories depending on the activities they are designed for. For example, hiking hydration backpacks usually have more storage space for food and other parts of gear. Cycling hydration backpacks, on the other hand, are designed for road cycling and mountain biking. They are compact and low-profile for easy carrying and less wind resistance when on the bike. There are running hydration backpacks, which are designed to fit snugly to the body. They are low-profile and feature many side pockets for easy access when running. Finally, snowsports hydration backpacks have outside insulation to keep water from freezing. They also feature straps for transportation on snowboards and skis. These are designed to wrap around your body with waist straps. Although they can have a hydration reservoir, most of them include water bottles. They are quite convenient for activities that do not require much gear, such as hiking or cycling for short distances. The hip belt makes them easy to carry, which is especially important for those with back problems. The main disadvantage, however, is the small capacity, which does not allow for carrying much water or extra gear. CamelBak, located in Petaluma, California, started back in 1989 with Michael Eidson's DIY hydration pack. It was a temporary invention that helped Eidson survive the summer race in Texas. From then on, the invention gained incredible popularity, and so did CamelBak. The company now produces all kinds of hydration products, protective gear, and sports accessories. One of its most popular hydration packs is the CamelBak Cloud Walker, a classic daypack suitable for all outdoor enthusiasts. FREEMOVE was founded in 2016. It's a company that focuses on outdoor sports accessories, meeting the needs of athletes and outdoor enthusiasts. FREEMOVE produces all kinds of reflective safety gear, from vests to hydration packs. This FREEMOVE Hydration Pack Backpack is widely used and very popular. Under $50: You can find decent hydration packs in this price range, although you are likely to make some compromises. Cheaper packs usually have less water capacity, and they might be harder to refill, clean, or adjust for a perfect fit. Over $60: At this price point, you can find hydration packs with some extra features for easy use. Pricier packs offer features such as removable and adjustable straps, quick-disconnect tubing, wide-mount openings, and much more. The most important thing to look for in a hydration pack is an ergonomic design for ultimate comfort. You want to make sure you will be able to move freely. A heavy pack can slow you down when running, cycling, or hiking. The best hydration packs are made of lightweight and breathable materials. They also have padded straps for comfort. Since you will be wearing a hydration pack when on the go, it's important to look for the one with breathable materials. If it does not allow for airflow, you can easily get too hot and sweaty during the workout. A breathable mesh is a must-have, but it should also be leak-proof for gear protection. Additionally, packs that are too wide might reduce airflow and cause heat accumulation. Not all hydration packs are made in the same size, which mostly depends on the capacity. Larger ones can hold more water, but they can also accommodate other parts of gear. If you are going on long-distance adventures, you want to make sure you can bring enough water as well as other essentials, such as a smartphone, charger, keys, clothes, and so on. For short distances, packs with smaller hydration bladders can be more comfortable and easier to carry. Simple Refills: Some hydration packs have quick-disconnect tubing. This feature allows you to disconnect a drink tube from the body of the reservoir in a breeze. Consequently, you get to detach the reservoir without moving the tube and make a quick refill. It's quite a handy feature, especially when you do not want to take long breaks. Weight: If you intend to wear hydration packs when running, you should consider the material weight. The light equipment reduces the effort you need to run or perform any other demanding activity. Just keep in mind you will be making a compromise with durability because lightweight packs are not as durable as heavy ones. Easy Cleanup: When out in nature, you are likely to get dirty. Your hydration pack will suffer the same and also pick up some dirt and debris. You should, therefore, search for an easy-to-clean material that allows for quick cleanups when on the go. It should also be water-resistant, so it does not lose shape or tear due to frequent washes. Carrying water is the most critical feature for a hydration pack, but comfort should be a top priority, too. You do not want to carry something long distances if the straps rub uncomfortably or you constantly have to stop to adjust the load. Look for hydration packs that feature breathable materials. Whether they are designed to support airflow or feature moisture-wicking capabilities, these types of features will keep you comfortable when wearing a pack for extended periods of time. Always consider your intended activity and pick your hydration pack accordingly. A hydration pack that's designed for cycling will be designed differently than one meant for hiking, running, or for use in cold weather activities. Q: I am trying to stay as light as possible, so what should I look for in a hydration pack? A: If you are trying to stay mobile, opt for hydration packs that can do more than just carry water. Whether it's just a day hike or a multi-day adventure, packs that can also hold gear can help minimize the total amount of bags that you need to bring. Q: Should I pick a hydration pack with a frame or without one? A: If you only need to carry a few items, such as water, light snacks, and SPF, then you do not need a pack with a built-in frame. But if you are planning on carrying a substantial amount of gear, you should look at packs with frames to help provide critical support. Q: Which is better: shoulder straps or no straps? A: There's a case to be made for both. If you can find a hydration pack with an anatomic cut, it will be very comfortable for long wear. However, the most comfortable hydration packs tend to be lumbar packs with no straps. If you are planning on hitting the trails hard this season, you are going to need something that can stand up to the test. Go for our best overall pick, the CamelBak Cloud Walker 18 Hydration Pack. If you are an occasional hiker or just prefer to be economical, you can not go wrong with our best value selection, the CamelBak Classic Hydration Pack.
The Most Terrifying Water Slides in America
Think water slides are just for kids? Think again.There are rides out there that are so terrifying, most adults won't want to set foot on them. They have rip-roaring rapids and 17-story plunges that will send you swerving through pitch-black tunnels at speeds up to 65 mph. Some will drop the floor out from under you. Others will shoot you into a mega-sized funnel of zigzagging rafts. There is one that will propel you directly into a Cobra's jaws!Here are some of the scariest water park thrills across the U.S. that are sure to make your stomach drop.Thetallest water slide in the worldstands nearly 170-feet high, can be found in Kansas City and officially qualifies as an "extreme thrill ride." The ominous 17 stories ofVerrückt ("insane" in German) are higher than Niagara Falls and as long as two football fields. The slide shoots daredevils down massive drops-including a 60-degree free fall right out of the gate-on multi-person rafts that can reach speeds of 65 mph. With new-generation technology, rafters shoot five feet uphill until reaching a point of weightlessness. Runs down the mega-slide are so in-demand, park visitors need toreserve a slot ahead of time.Santa Claus, INVoted the best in America in 2014, Wildebeest, the park's first HydroMagnetic Rocket coaster owns the water kingdom with its two-and-a-half minute journey. A conveyor belt takes four-person boats to the start of the thrill, which includes a four-story drop, seven hills, two underground tunnels, and a sensory-boggling helix.Galveston, TXTwo dueling body slides serve as neighboring highlights at this Texas water park. The Cliffhanger sends sliders down an 81-foot freefall - which produces speeds of up to 40 mph - and the Screaming Serpents (formerly the F5 Twin Twisters) reopened as the park's first fully immersive ride experience. This psychedelic experience provides special effects like fog, sounds, and rainbow light to assault your senses while you fly through the bellies and 8-foot-high mouths of the Serpents.Wisconsin Dells, WIWater Slide meets roller coaster on this six-humped, uphill ride in Wisconsin. Jet technology sends you slithering up and down a snake-like body, which makes up one of the longest water coasters in the world. The stop-and-go method doesn't slow riders down too much -you drop straight down at 30 mph -and while the mesh ceilings are there to protect you, their existence also tells you how bumpy the ride can get.Orlando, FLThe Bomb Bay in Orlando warns sliders with its name. Named after the bomb bays on military airplanes which actually release bombs, this slide doesn't spare its human passengers one bit. Riders step into an airtight chamber before the floor actually drops out from beneath them. Once it does, you drop 76 feet down a near-vertical slide.Wisconsin Dells, WIThe floor also gives way on Scorpion's Tail, but this time, riders plunge 10 stories at a whopping 50-feet per second before being catapulted through a menacing, high-speed loop. The ride is entirely enclosed (compared to Bomb Bay's open-air experience) to create the look of a tail, which gives sliders a unique assault on the senses. By the time you have a handle on what's happening, you're making a big splash at the bottom.Riviera Beach, FLDuring Florida's Big Thunder, rafters sail through darkness before they reach the moment of truth. The multi-person tubes are dropped into a gargantuan-sized funnel where they helplessly seesaw their way to the bottom. The 45-degree drop accelerates the boats so they can reach heights of 20 mph and even achieve moments of zero gravity.Vernon, NJCue superhero-like weightlessness and enter Zero-G, the world's tallest double-looping water slide. The fully enclosed capsule ride starts from a trapdoor entrance that is perched on a hill and 100-feet high. The chute sends body sliders through translucent tubing so quickly that they aren't entirely sure what has happened by the time they hit the bottom.Check out more of the most insane water slides across the country.More from Yahoo! TravelThe Best Free Stuff You Can Score at a HotelConfessions of a Food Tour Guide-I Hate Picky EatersI Was Accidentally On Vacation With Derek Jeter
What Size Halogen Or Flood Light Bulb for Bearded Dragon?
No. you could desire to get a bulb especially made for reptiles on the puppy shop. you will desire a blue basking day mild bulb for the day hours. you will additionally would desire to purchase a pink/black/pink night time warmth bulb for the night hours. Day hours 11-14 hours an afternoon. night hours 8-10 hours an afternoon.1. Can I use a 50W 120V replacement halogen flood light bulb for a 35W 120V fixture?Hey Eugenious! Whether you can put a 50 watt bulb in the fixture depends on the power rating of the fixture. There will be a sticker on it showing the maximum wattage bulb that can be safely used. Do not exceed that number. I hope this helps. .2. The new flourescent spiral flood light bulbs are good for indoor growing?the relatively some new bulbs are extra eco friendly, yet besides, back on your problem. Take a humid fabric and clean the section to confirm that's clean and all the dirt is long gone. Then i could replace the bag interior the vacuum and throw the old one away. in case you had carpets interior the room, it does no longer be a foul theory to have them wiped clean or in case you have between the residential carpet shampooers then use it. Off the problem, yet those carpet shampooers are with regard to the main sensible gadget they have going. they are super, and that i strongly recommend getting one. in case you spill something, or you have a puppy, or injury a fluorescent mild bulb, then freshen up is not any problem3. Can I make a grow light for indoor plant growth using a flood light and a blue transparency? Read more....?I do not think so. You will need a professional type transparency or "gel" as it is heat resistant. Even then it cannot touch the flood light as it too will melt. This should be stretched out and held with a metallic frame. I asked this question a few years ago to a stage lighting distributer. He did not know of any gel to produce enough UV rays. There are ones to block these. My suggestion is to pay the higher price of the plant grow bulb. It has been made with that specific purpose in its design.4. LED Flood Light Global Market to 2026 - by Application and Region - ResearchAndMarkets.comDUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "LED Flood Light Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. The global LED flood light market reached a value of US$ 5.8 Billion in 2020. Looking forward, the publisher expects the global LED flood light market to exhibit strong growth during the next five years. LED flood lights are a type of lighting fixtures used for illuminating large areas like stadiums, yards, stages, private gardens and home living spaces. These fixtures offer numerous advantages over other lighting sources, like fluorescent and CFL systems. They are environment-friendly in nature as they do not generate infrared or UV radiation and help in reducing the carbon footprint on account of their low electricity requirements. They also have a highly durable design owing to which they require minimum maintenance. At present, the demand for LED flood lights is rising as governments of various nations are supporting the usage of these fixtures as a step towards sustainable development. In recent years, LED flood lights have been increasingly used for outdoor lighting in several commercial and industrial applications such as security perimeters, stadiums and warehouses. Besides this, the utilization of LED flood lights helps building owners and managers in saving operating and maintenance costs as these lighting solutions do not consume as much energy as traditional lighting technologies. Apart from this, these lights are also becoming popular across both the residential and commercial sectors as they help in reducing the overall ambient room temperature. Moreover, flood lights cater to the rising demand for green lighting technology as they have cool beam bulbs and offer optimum luminous efficacy. On account of these properties, the LED flood lights market is expected to attract numerous investments in the near future. The competitive landscape of the LED lighting industry has also been analyzed with detailed information about the key players operating in the market across the globe. How has the global LED lighting market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years? How has the global LED flood light market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years? What are the key regional markets in the global LED lighting industry? What has been the impact of COVID-19 on the global LED lighting industry? What are the major application segments in the global LED lighting industry? What are the key product types in the global LED lighting industry? What are the various stages in the value chain of the global LED lighting industry? What are the key driving factors and challenges in the global LED lighting industry? What is the structure of the global LED lighting industry and who are the key players? What is the degree of competition in the global LED lighting industry? What are the profit margins in the global LED lighting industry? What are the key requirements for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the various unit operations involved in a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What is the total size of land required for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the machinery requirements for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the raw material requirements for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the packaging requirements for LED flood lights? What are the transportation requirements for LED flood lights? What are the utility requirements for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the manpower requirements for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What are the capital costs for setting up a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What will be the income and expenditures for a LED flood light manufacturing plant? What is the time required to break-even?
10,000 Hours With Claude Shannon:
By Rob Goodman and Jimmy Soni, co-authors, A MIND AT PLAYFor the last five years, we lived with one of the most brilliant people on the planet.Sort of.See, we just published the biography of Dr. Claude Shannon. Hes the most important genius youve never heard of, a man whose intellect was on par with Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton. We spent five years with him. Its not an exaggeration to say that, during that period, we spent more time with the deceased Claude Shannon than we have with many of our living friends. He became something like the roommate in the spare bedroom of our minds, the guy who was always hanging around and occupying our head space.Yes, we were the ones telling his story, but in telling it, he affected us, too. Geniuses have a unique way of engaging with the world, and if you spend enough time examining their habits, you discover the behaviors behind their brilliance. Whether or not we intended it to, understanding Claude Shannons life gave us lessons on how to better live our own.Thats what follows in this essay. Its the good stuff our roommate left behind. Claude, Who?His name may not ring a bell. Dont worry, we didnt know who he was either when we started.So who was he?Within engineering and mathematics circles, Shannon is a revered figure. Claude Shannons work in the 1930s and 1940s earned him the title of father of the information age. At the age of 21, he published whats been called the most important masters thesis of all time, explaining how binary switches could do logic. It laid the foundation for all future digital computers.He wasnt done. At the age of 32, he published A Mathematical Theory of Communication, which has been called the Magna Carta of the information age. Shannons masterwork invented the bit, or the objective measurement of information, and explained how digital codes could allow us to compress and send any message with perfect accuracy.But thats not all he did.Claude Shannon wasnt just a brilliant theoretical mind he was a remarkably fertile, fun, practical, and inventive one as well. There are plenty of mathematicians and engineers who write great papers. There are fewer of them who, like Shannon, are also jugglers, unicyclists, gadgeteers, first-rate chess players, codebreakers, expert stock-pickers, and amateur poets.He worked on the top-secret transatlantic phone line connecting FDR and Winston Churchill during World War II and co-built what was arguably the worlds first wearable computer. He learned to fly airplanes and played the jazz clarinet. He rigged up a false wall in his house that could rotate with the press of a button, and he once built a gadget whose only purpose when it was turned on was to open up, release a mechanical hand, and turn itself off. Oh, and he once had a photo spread in Vogue magazine.Think of him as a cross between Albert Einstein and the Dos Equis guy. Asking the questions he probably wouldntWe arent mathematicians or engineers; we write books and speeches, not code. That meant we had a steep learning curve in making sense of his work.But that was sort of the point: We had to learn everything from scratch and make it sensible on the page. Had we approached this book as experts, we might have been tempted to go deeper and deeper into the details of Shannons theorems, diagrams, and proofs.But because we approached this book as learners, we were particularly interested in a broader, more generalist set of questions: how does a mind like Claude Shannons work? What shapes a mind like that? What does a mind like that do for fun? What can we take from it to be just a bit more brilliant in our own pursuits, whatever they happen to be?Claude Shannon wasnt especially interested in offering direct answers to questions like those. If he were alive to read this piece, hed probably laugh at us. His mind was a heat-seeking missile targeting problems. What got him up in the morning was dissecting how things worked, not digressions into creativity and productivity.No matter how many people came to him for advice, he never felt that he was in the advice-giving business. During his days as a professor, he was particularly nervous about the mentoring aspect of the job. I cant be an advisor, he once protested. I cant give advice to anybody. I dont have the right to advise.As usual, though, Shannon was being excessively modest. He can teach us a lot, even if he approached the whole business of teaching reluctantly and indirectly. To that end, weve distilled what weve learned from him over these last few years into this piece. It isnt a comprehensive list by any means, but it does begin, we hope, to reveal what this unknown genius can teach the rest of us about thinking and living. 12 Lessons Learned, Over Five Years, Writing One Book1) Cull your inputs.We all know how the constant distractions of social media and buzzing smartphones destroy focus and productivity. We also know that the problem is considerably more difficult than it was in mid-20th-century America (and yes, we suppose Claude Shannon bears some inadvertent blame for this). But distractions are a permanent feature of life, in any era, and Shannon shows us that shutting them out isnt just a matter of achieving random bursts of focus. Its about consciously designing ones life and work habits to minimize them.For one, Shannon didnt allow himself to get caught up in clearing out his inbox. Letters he didnt want to respond to went into a bin labeled Letters Ive Procrastinated On For Too Long. In fact, we pored over Shannons correspondence at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, which keeps his papers on file and we found far more incoming letters than outgoing ones. All of that time saved was more time to plow back into research and tinkering. Inbox zero, be damned. Shannon extended the same attitude to his time in the office, where his colleagues regularly expected to find his door closed (a rarity in Bell Labs generally open-door culture). None of Shannons colleagues, to our knowledge, remembered him as rude or unfriendly; but they do remember him as someone who valued his privacy and quiet time for thinking. One colleague remembered, You would knock on the door and he would talk to you, but otherwise, he kept to himself. On the other hand, colleagues who came to Shannon with bold new ideas or fascinating engineering puzzles remembered hours of productive conversations. Thats just to say that Shannon, as in so much else, was deliberate about how he invested his time: in stimulating ideas, not in small talk. Even for those of us who are more extraverted than Shannon was (and, to be honest, thats nearly all of us), theres something to learn from how deliberately and consistently he turned his work hours into a distraction-free zone. 2) Big picture first. Details later. In his mathematical work, Shannon had a quality of leaping right to the central insight and leaving the details to be filled in later. As he once explained it, I think Im more visual than symbolic. I try to get a feeling of whats going on. Equations come later. It was as if he saw solutions before he could explain why they were correct.As his student Bob Gallager recalled, He had a weird insight. He could see through things. He would say, Something like this should be trueand he was usually rightYou cant develop an entire field out of whole cloth if you dont have superb intuition. Occasionally, this got Shannon in trouble academic mathematicians sometimes accused him of being insufficiently rigorous in his work. Usually, though, their critiques were misguided. In reality, said the mathematician Solomon Golomb, Shannon had almost unfailing instinct for what was actually true. If the details of the journey needed filling in, the destination was almost always correct.Most of us, of course, arent geniuses, and most of us dont have Shannon-level intuition. So is there anything to learn from him here? We think there is: even if our intuitions dont lead us to develop an entirely new field like information theory, they often have a wisdom that we can choose to tune into or to shut up. Worrying about missing details and intermediate steps is a sure way to shut our intuitions up, and to miss out on some of our best shots at creative breakthroughs. Expecting our big ideas to unfold logically from premise to conclusion is a misunderstanding of the way creativity usually works in practice. As the writer Rita Mae Brown put it, Intuition is a suspension of logic due to impatience. Its one thing to clean up and fill in the details after the fact. Its another thing to mistake the neat-and-tidy way we present our ideas to others, and others present their ideas to us in an article, a slideshow, or a talk for the messy process of getting to those ideas. Waiting for a neat-and-tidy breakthrough usually means waiting for a train thats never arriving. 3) Dont just find a mentor. Allow yourself to be mentored. A lot of articles like this preach the value of mentorship, and we dont want to belabor the point. Of course mentors matter. But a lot of writing about mentorship tends to treat a mentor as something you acquire: find the right smart, successful person to back your career, and youre all set.Its not that simple. Making the most of mentorship doesnt just require the confidence to approach someone whose guidance can make a difference in your development. It requires the humility to take that guidance to heart, even when its uncomfortable, challenging, or counterintuitive. Otherwise, whats the point?Shannons most pivotal mentor was probably his graduate school advisor at MIT, Vannevar Bush, who went on to coordinate the American scientific effort in WWII and became the first presidential science advisor. Bush recognized Shannons genius, but he also did what mentors are supposed to do he pushed Shannon out of his comfort zone in some productive ways. For instance, after the success of Shannons masters thesis, Bush urged Shannon to write his PhD dissertation on theoretical genetics, a subject Shannon had to pick up from scratch and that was far afield from the engineering and mathematics he had spent years working on. That Bush pushed Shannon to do so testifies to his trust in his proteges ability to rise to the challenge; that Shannon agrees testifies to his willingness to stretch himself.Theres a whole set of possible responses Shannon might have had to that moment (Genetics, huh?). But Bush knew what he was doing, and Shannon was humble enough to trust his judgment and let himself be mentored.Accepting real mentorship is, in part, an act of humility: The best of it comes when youre actually willing to trust that mentor sees something you dont see. Theres a reason, after all, that you sought them out in the first place. Be humble enough to listen. 4) You dont have to ship everything you make.Vannevar Bush left his imprint on Shannon in another way: he defended the value of generalizing over specializing. As he told a group of MIT professors:In these days, when there is a tendency to specialize so closely, it is well for us to be reminded that the possibilities of being at once broad and deep did not pass with Leonardo da Vinci or even Benjamin Franklin. Men of our profession we teachers are bound to be impressed with the tendency of youths of strikingly capable minds to become interested in one small corner of science and uninterested in the rest of the world. . . . It is unfortunate when a brilliant and creative mind insists upon living in a modern monastic cell.Bush encouraged Shannon to avoid cells of all kinds and Shannons subsequent career proves how deeply he absorbed the lesson. We know: Bushs advice would probably sound unfashionable these days. So many of the pressures in our professional lives push us to specialize at all costs, to cultivate that one niche skill that sets us apart from the competition, and to keep hammering away at it. In this view, people whose interests are broad rather than deep are basically unserious. And whats worse, theyre doomed to be overtaken by rivals who know how to really focus.Its a view that would have exasperated Shannon. Bushs generalist gospel struck such a deep chord with him, we think, because it accorded with Shannons natural curiosity. He was so successful in his chosen fields not just because of his raw intellectual horsepower, but because of how deliberately he kept his interests diverse.His remarkable masters thesis combined his interests in Boolean logic and computer-building, two subjects that were considered entirely unrelated until they fused in Shannons brain. His information theory paper drew on his fascination with codebreaking, language, and literature. As he once explained to Bush:Ive been working on three different ideas simultaneously, and strangely enough it seems a more productive method than sticking to one problem.And while he was diving into these intellectual pursuits, Shannon kept his mind agile by taking up an array of hobbies: jazz music, unicycling, juggling, chess, gadgeteering, amateur poetry, and more. He was a person who could have used his talents to burrow ever deeper and deeper into a chosen field, wringing out variations on the same theme for his entire career. But were fortunate that he chose to be a dabbler instead.Part of dabbling is giving yourself the freedom to stop when you want to. Talented as he was, Shannon didnt finish everything he started. While that might also run counter to a lot of modern advice on productivity, we think theres real wisdom in it. Shannon would work until he felt satisfied and then move on to other things. Where some people see a dilettante, we see a fertile mind that knew exactly how far to take a project before moving on. Even the oracle of the modern productivity movement, Tim Ferriss, preaches the importance of knowing when to fold em: Being able to quit things that dont work is integral to being a winner. Theres a reason so many great writers have an unpublished novel tucked away in the drawer. Theres a reason so many talented artists end up with a stockpile of unfinished paintings in their studios. Not everything you make needs to ship. Some things you do for you. 5) Chaos is okay. When he partnered with Shannon in 1961 to build a pioneering wearable computer to beat the house at roulette, Ed Thorp got to see Shannons work environment up close in particular, the huge home workshop where Shannon did the bulk of his tinkering.Heres how Thorp described the workshop: it was a gadgeteers paradiseThere were hundreds of mechanical and electrical categories, such as motors, transistors, switches, pulleys, gears, condensers, transformers, and on and on. Shannon had no qualms about getting his hands dirty, about leaving machine parts and half-finished projects scattered all over the place, of jumping from project to project as he followed his curiosity. Shannons more academic pursuits resembled that workshop, too. His attic was stuffed with notes, half-finished articles, and good questions on ruled paper.On one hand, we can regret the amount of unfinished work he never got around to sending out into the world. On the other, we can recognize that that chaos was the condition of the remarkable work he did do: rather than pouring mental energy into tidying up his papers and his workspace, Shannon poured it into investigating chess, robotics, or investment strategies. Call him an early adopter of The Joy of Leaving Your Shit All Over the Place.6) Time is the soil in which great ideas grow. Shannons breadth of interests meant that his insights sometimes took time to come to fruition. Often, unfortunately, he never got around to publishing his findings at all. But if his tendency to follow his curiosity wherever it led sometimes rendered him less productive, he also had the patience to keep coming back to his best ideas, over the course of years. His 1948 information theory paper was nearly a decade in the making. He was just finishing grad school in 1939 when he first conceived the idea of studying some of the fundamental properties of general systems for the transmission of intelligence, including telephony, radio, television, telegraphy, etc. The years between the first inkling of the idea and its publication would take Shannon not only deeper into the study of information, but into work aiding Americas WWII effort, including research on anti-aircraft gunnery and cryptography. But Shannons information theory continued to germinate, even when he had to work on it in his free time.Reflecting on this time later, he remembered the flashes of intuition. The work wasnt linear; ideas came when they came. These things sometimesone night I remember I woke up in the middle of the night and I had an idea and I stayed up all night working on that. When his information theory paper finally landed, observed one of Shannons colleagues, it came as a bomb. It was the sum of a decades disciplined thought, and Shannons willingness to let his ideas mature paid off. This is probably the hardest lesson for us to swallow, living in the age that we do. We bathe in instant gratification. And the idea of waiting ten minutes, let alone ten years, for some reaction to our work can seem almost outlandish. But for people in the creative, entrepreneurial, and idea-making worlds, there may be no more useful advice we need to hear. Genius takes time. Remember also: Claude Shannon wasnt working on information theory full-time for ten years. It was, for many of those years, his side hustle. Maybe the ultimate side hustle. But his endurance in sticking with it yielded the most important work hed ever produce. What could we do in our spare time if we stuck with something for long enough?7) Consider the content of your friendships.Shannon kept limited company. The most one of his Bell Labs colleagues could say for Shannons social life was that he was not unfriendly but he was certainly never the life of the party.Another colleague, Brockway McMillan, observed that Shannon had a certain type of impatience with the kind of mathematical argument that was fairly common. He addressed problems differently from the way most people did. And Shannons different intellectual wavelength often gave him an air of aloofness or impatience; as McMillan put it, He never argued his ideas. If people didnt believe in them, he ignored those people. Theres a fine line between arrogance and serene self-confidence. Shannon generally stayed on the right side of the line, because he had the intellectual resources to back up his confidence. But just as importantly, he spent his time cultivating those resources, because he was never one to get caught up in jockeying for status, playing office politics, or trying to win over every critic. The pleasure of problem-solving was worth more to him than all of that, and so when it came to choosing his relatively small number of friends, he deliberately chose those who took pleasure in the same thing, and who helped to bring out the best in him.During World War II, those friends included Alan Turing, with whom Shannon struck up a lively intellectual exchange during Turings fact-finding trip to study American cryptography on behalf of the British government. At Bell Labs, Shannon also bonded with fellow engineers Barney Oliver and John Pierce, each of whom was a pioneering figure in the history of information technology in his own right. Shannon benefitted from the same process. He grew smarter and more creative because he chose to surround himself, almost exclusively, with people whose smarts and creativity he admired. More than most of us, he was deliberate in his friendships, only choosing friends who drew out his best.Shannons approach to friendship focused on the content, not just the connection. Sure, Shannon and his friends had casual moments and their share of fun; but probably more than many friends, they also spent time talking about serious and heady things. Alan Turing and Claude Shannon didnt bond by talking about the weather. They bonded by talking about artificial intelligence as only two of its pioneers could. What does that mean for the rest of us non-geniuses? It doesnt mean abandoning all of your friends and replacing them with new ones. It means asking yourself not just who your friends are but what you do together. Think more deliberately about the substance of your time with them, and if you find it lacking, change it. 8) Put money in its place. Legend had it that Shannons office was overflowing with checks royalties for his publications, or returns on his stock market investments that he was too absentminded to cash. Like most legends, this was an exaggeration; but like many legends, it also grew from a grain of truth. One of Shannons colleagues did report seeing a large uncashed check on his desk, and a recurring theme in his friends recollections was his seeming indifference to money. The accumulation of money was never one of Shannons central concerns. At the same time, he did accumulate money. He was a successful investor in early Silicon Valley companies, like Teledyne and Harrison Laboratories (which was acquired by Hewlett-Packard). Shannon pursued stock-picking as one of his many hobbies, gave talks on investing, and died a wealthy man.So how did he square that with his almost single-minded pursuit of curiosity and scientific play?Theres a great line from the stoic philosopher Seneca: He is a great man who uses earthenware dishes as if they were silver; but he is equally great who uses silver as if it were earthenware. It is the sign of an unstable mind not to be able to endure riches. As odd as it sounds that riches are something to be endured, Seneca has a point here: the pursuit of money is a powerful distraction from the pursuit of what truly matters. Money is neither the root of all evil nor the solution to all of our problems: the question is whether it gets in the way of whats morally important.Shannon is an excellent example of what it looks like to be wealthy without being consumed by the pursuit of wealth. He saw wealth not as an opportunity to live lavishly, but as an opportunity to spend more time on the gadgeteering projects he loved; his investment returns funded, for instance, his research into the physics of juggling and the construction of a juggling robot, as well as his invention with Ed Thorp of their roulette-beating wearable computer.Shannon built this chess-playing machine, an ancestor of Deep Blue. It could play six moves of an endgame. ()None of us need to be told that the pursuit of money can obscure whats important and valuable. But it is useful to remind ourselves that wealth nearly always comes as an indirect effect of incredible work rather than as the end goal. The Silicon Valley entrepreneur Paul Graham puts it like this, I get a lot of criticism for telling founders to focus first on making something great, instead of worrying about how to make money. And yet, that is exactly what Google did. And Apple, for that matter. Youd think examples like that would be enough to convince people.One more example can always help. In the end, the lesson of Shannons financial life isnt just the indifference to money its that he was both indifferent to it and managed to acquire it. We think the former freed up the brain space to work on the things that led to the latter. Its an important insight for all of us. 9) Fancy is easy. Simple is hard. Shannon wasnt impressed by his colleagues who wrote the most detailed tomes, or whose theories came with the most bells and whistles. What impressed him the most in a way that reminds us of Steve Jobs was radical simplicity.In a 1952 talk to his fellow Bell Labs engineers, Shannon offered a crash course in the problem-solving strategies that had proven most productive for him. At the top of the list: you should first approach your problem by simplifying. Almost every problem that you come across is befuddled with all kinds of extraneous data of one sort or another, Shannon said, and if you can bring this problem down into the main issues, you can see more clearly what youre trying to do.Simplification is an art form: it requires a knack for excising everything from a problem except what makes it interesting. Shannon admitted that this process could file a problem down to almost nothing but that was precisely the point: Very often if you can solve this simple problem, you can add refinements to the solution of this until you get back to the solution of the one you started with.Dr. Bob Gallager, a Shannon graduate student who went on to become a leading information theorist himself, saw this process of radical simplification in action. He describes coming to Shannons office one day with a new research idea full of bells and whistles. For Shannon, though, those were just a distraction:He looked at it, sort of puzzled, and said, Well, do you really need this assumption? And I said, well, I suppose we could look at the problem without that assumption. And we went on for a while. And then he said, again, Do you need this other assumption?And he kept doing this, about five or six times.At a certain point, I was getting upset, because I saw this neat research problem of mine had become almost trivial. But at a certain point, with all these pieces stripped out, we both saw how to solve it. And then we gradually put all these little assumptions back in and then, suddenly, we saw the solution to the whole problem. And that was just the way he worked.A lot of us are trained to think that our ability to grapple with ever-more-complex concepts is the measure of our intelligence. The more complicated the problem, the smarter the person needed to solve it, right? Maybe. Shannon helps us see how the opposite might be true, too. Achieving simplicity may actually be the more intellectually demanding endeavor. After all, as Ben Casnocha, the author (and the inspiration for this essay), wrote, Making the complex simple does not mean ignoring the complexity. That was true of Shannon: He could do high-level mathematics with the best of them, but hes remembered today because he could boil things down, not build them up.Never confuse simplicity with simple-mindedness. It takes work to distill, to get at the essence of things, to be brief. If you stop yourself from saying something in a meeting because youve just thought, Well, thats just too simple, you might want to think again. It may be that its the very thing that needs to be said. 10) The less marketing you need, the better your idea or product probably is.By his early thirties, Shannon was one of the brightest stars of American science, with the media attention and prestigious awards to prove it. His information theory had caught on and he was regularly touted as one of the most brilliant minds in his generation of scientists. Yet, at the height of his brief fame, when his information theory had become the buzz-phrase to explain everything from geology to politics to music, Shannon published a four-paragraph article kindly urging the rest of the world to vacate his bandwagon.As he put it, [Information theory] has perhaps been ballooned to an importance beyond its actual accomplishments. Our fellow scientists in many different fields, attracted by the fanfare and by the new avenues opened to scientific analysis, are using these ideas in their own problemsIn short, information theory is currently partaking of a somewhat heady draught of general popularity. In place of that popularity, which he admitted could feel pleasant and exciting, he advised his fellow engineers and mathematicians to focus on research. The subject of information theory has certainly been sold, if not oversold. We should now turn our attention to the business of research and development at the highest scientific plane we can maintain, he said. It wasnt because he wanted the turf for himself. For Shannon, useful, informed applications of information theory were always welcome. But there was real danger that the ideas he had set in motion might become stretched beyond their meaning. The statement sent something of a shockwave through the scientific community. It was a remarkable set of words from someone who still had a full career ahead of him; someone who, in a practical sense, had every incentive to encourage information theorys inflation. But what mattered to him was the truth and it was his commitment to sincere, serious research that ultimately made his reputation. Put differently: Shannon didnt aggressively market his ideas, and we think he would have found it gauche to do so. But he also didnt have to, because his ideas were so striking and original that they caught fire on their own.What does that mean for the rest of us? Dont we all believe that our work is striking and original? Probably. And look, maybe our ideas are just that good. But Shannons example, and the surprising speed with which his ideas took off, can be valuable not when our ideas are that good, but when we veer to the opposite extreme: flogging our ideas well past the point at which we should know better. Sometimes there just isnt a there there, and its time to move on. Or, as the great philosopher Regina George put it in Mean Girls, Stop trying to make fetch happen! It just isnt going to happen!11) Value freedom over status.Reflecting on the arc of his career, Shannon confessed, I dont think I was ever motivated by the notion of winning prizes, although I have a couple of dozen of them in the other room. I was more motivated by curiosity. Never by the desire for financial gain. I just wondered how things were put together. Or what laws or rules govern a situation, or if there are theorems about what one cant or can do. Mainly because I wanted to know myself.He wasnt exaggerating. Shannon was regularly given awards that he wouldnt go to the trouble of accepting. Envelopes inviting him to give prestigious lectures would arrive; hed toss them into the Procrastination bin we mentioned earlier. His indifference was on display for all to see in other ways: he accumulated so many honorary degrees that he hung the doctoral hoods from a device that resembled a rotating tie rack (which he built with his own hands). Whether the awarding institutions would have found that treatment fitting or insulting, it speaks to the lightness with which Shannon took the work of being lauded.There were, of course, certain strategic and personal advantages to being immune to the pull of trophies and plaques. For Shannon, it gave him the ability to explore areas of research that no other respectable scientist might have ventured into: toy robots, chess, juggling, unicycles. He built machines that juggled balls and a trumpet that could breathe fire when it was played.Mathematicians worry about spending time on problems of insufficient difficulty, what they dismissively call toy problems; Claude Shannon worked with actual toys in public! Time and again, he pursued projects that might have caused others embarrassment, engaged questions that seemed trivial or minor, then managed to wring the breakthroughs out of them. Claude in action. ()Would he have been able to do all of that while chasing a Nobel or lusting after a National Medal? Possibly. But the fact that he didnt give much thought to those external achievements allowed him to devote far more thought to the work itself.We admit: Its easier to write those words than to live by them. Were all conscious of our status, and for the ambitious and talented, its especially tough to be indifferent to it. Shannon can help us break that hold, though, because his example points us to the rich prize on the other side of indifference: fun and freedom.Set next to achievement, fun can sound too casual and unimportant, especially for a lot of type-A hard-chargers. But freedom is a more interesting and useful virtue. Even when it risked his status, Shannon pointedly did not stay in his lane. He gave himself the freedom to explore whichever discipline caught his fancy, and that freedom came, in part, from not caring what other people thought of him. When were in the midst of chasing awards and honors, we often forget the way they can crowd out freedom. Nothing weighs you down like too many pieces of flair.12) Dont look for inspiration. Look for irritation.How many of us, in search of a breakthrough like Claude Shannons, sit around waiting for inspiration to strike? Thats the wrong way to go about it. One of the people who explained this the most trenchantly was the famous painter Chuck Close. As he put it, Inspiration is for amateurs the rest of us just show up and get to work. And the belief that things will grow out of the activity itself and that you will through work bump into other possibilities and kick open other doors that you would never have dreamt of if you were just sitting around looking for a great art idea. If you hang in there, you will get somewhere.Shannon believed something quite similar when it came to looking for a great science idea. The idea might come from a good conversation, or tinkering in the workshop, or from the kind of aimless play he indulged in for much of his life but above all, it came from doing, not waiting. As Shannon told his fellow Bell Labs engineers, the defining mark of a great scientific mind is not some ethereal capacity for inspiration, but rather a quality of motivationsome kind of desire to find out the answer, the desire to find out what makes things tick. That fundamental drive was indispensable: If you dont have that, you may have all the training and intelligence in the world, [but] you dont have the questions and you wont just find the answers.Where does that fundamental drive come from? Shannons most evocative formulation of that elusive quality put it like this: it was a slight irritation when things dont look quite right, or a constructive dissatisfaction. In the end, Shannons account of genius was a refreshingly unsentimental one: A genius is simply someone who is usefully irritated. And that useful irritation doesnt come until, somewhere in the midst of the work, you stumble onto something that troubles you, pulls at you, doesnt look quite right.Dont run away from those moments. Hold on to them at all costsThe people who spent time with Claude Shannon in the flesh felt lucky to have known him. We didnt have that good fortune, but we do feel fortunate to have known him even at a remove. There are many people who helped us do that, and all of you know who you are. Thanks for putting up with us these last few years. A final thought: The internet, the digital age, the technologies that underlie it all these are remarkable human achievements. But we can too easily forget what their origins are, how and why they are here, where they sit in the flow of our history, and what kinds of men and women brought them about. We think there is something important in beginning to learn these things. And that learning isnt just about understanding the substance of whats been built. Its about understanding the spirit in which it was built, too. So many of the great sparks of innovation that made our world possible grew from the spirit of curiosity and creativity. They came from minds that, like Claude Shannons, saw their work as a game.We think thats a spirit worth remembering. More than that, we think its one worth living by. This piece was the by-product of work on this book:Yes, its out. And of course, wed love for you to read it. Conveniently and fittingly, Its available in both analog and digital formats: paperback, audiobook, Kindle. We figured the book needed to have one foot in the world Claude lived in and one in the world he helped create. (Plus, thats how the publisher was planning to do it anyway, though its nice to pretend that we did it on purpose as some grand metaphor about our subjects life.)The inspiration for this post comes from a marvelous essay by author and entrepreneur Ben Casnocha. In 2015, he wrote a piece summarizing the lessons he took from spending several years at the elbow of LinkedIn Founder and Greylock Partner Reid Hoffman. Its a fantastic read, and we thank Ben for the permission to adapt his title.Wed love to hear from readers. Rob can be contacted at goodman1 [at] gmail. com and Jimmy at jimmysoniwriting [at] We promise not to put you in the Procrastination folder. You can also subscribe to our articles here.
I Need Help in Walking in These Shoes!?!?!?!? HELP PLEASE!!!!?
the first thing you need to do is check your shoe size. try going a half or a whole size smaller. some shoes just were not ment to be worn by some people's feet. if going down a size does not help, just wear some differnt shoes. do not stress over it1. Does Wal-mart sell good walking shoes?WalMart does not sell anything that would be classified as "good"2. comfortable walking shoes in italy...?? help please.?crocs! the dark green ones with the orange strap3. What COLOR of SOCKS for LIGHT BROWN WALKING SHOES with BLUE JEANS?Emos dont positioned on footwear =o they like cuts on their feets. lol im kidding Fallen, or talk. black. and something invader zim =D and in case you dont be attentive to what that's. learn. lol!!!4. what are the MOST comfortable walking shoes?no shoes(=5. I am camping in Talkeetna Alaska during the last week of Aug. What should I bring camping with me?Bring a few new Bounce fabric dryer sheets. Pin 1 to your shirt and it will keep mosquitos and no-see-ums away all day! A lined windbreaker and rain pants would be nice as it will be rainy. Sturdy boots or walking shoes is a must. A warm hat and gloves will keep you toasty. Talkeetna is beautiful and peaceful! Bring a camera and a journal. Welcome to Alaska!6. Do you know of any good walking shoes?NEW BALANCE they are amazing. If you go to a store then they can fit you with a shoe for your specific problems. My friend works at one and he just fit someone with shoes to help with knee problems the other day. ;) hope I helped really hope you find some great shoes7. cheap and good walking shoes in US?Try payless8. Best walking shoes for Paris?UGG9. packing help?!?Just remember- if your room/cabin is small you will want to be sure to pack lightly..but these are things I have packed before..other sights on the web offer some similar tips: bras (include strapless if needed for evening wear) panties lingerie/night gown/pajamas/robe compression stockings (for airplane flight to prevent swollen ankles) exercise/walking socks trouser socks or pantyhose camisole/slip purses (day and evening) belts scarves gloves and stocking cap(if expect cold weather) walking shoes walking sandals rubber sandals for reef walking and beach evening shoes costume jewelry and extra watch swim suit swim suit cover-up/pareo/sarong thongs/flip flop shoes work out clothes and jog bra dress/outfit for informal nights on ship dress/outfit for formal nights on ship dress/outfit for casual nights on ship shorts tops of all types (sleeveless, short-sleeved, long-sleeved) capri pants slacks windbreaker jacket sweatshirt evening sweater raincoat with hood Women's Sundries and Miscellaneous blow dryer curling iron or curlers comb/brush hair gel hair spray (non-aerosol) shampoo conditioner shower cap bar soap in plastic container deodorant toothbrush toothpaste dental floss mouthwash tweezers make-up mirror make-up and make-up bag(list can be endless!) make-up remover cleanser moisturizer and freshener nail polish and remover nail clippers and file (be sure to pack in checked luggage) razor and shaving cream10. good running/jogging/walking shoes?You should try on any running shoe that feels comfortable to you. If there is not enough cushion or you desire more breath-ability, then you should look around for another type or style of shoe. Adidas, Nike, Mizuno, Izumi Pearl are all great shoe companies. Work hard and good luck.11. Stiletto heels, flats, or walking shoes to work?confident, I do placed on them yet now no longer each and each and each and all of the time. I easily have a pair superb pairs that pass great with dress slacks and my corporation suits, so I placed on them to the situation of work each and each so in many cases. optimal of those are 4 inch heels. I save ballet residences with me although for mutually as i will out to lunch or if I run an errand to the mall. That way my ft get a relax and that i am now no longer torturing my ft and ft. I easily have heels as severe as 5 inches that are stilettos yet those are many cases worn out someplace if i comprehend i would be sitting down lots and easily want some subject to dress me up particularly greater. i am hoping this helps
02 Chevrolet Silverado Heater Not Working After Water Pump Replaced?
My cars have done that when coolant was low. Add some 50/50 mix. If the radiator or reservoir is full, I would bet on air in the system, too. Another trick is to remove the radiator cap and directly add coolant there, but make sure the car is completely cool before you remove it.1. Easy 10 pts!! Can u Explain 2 Me the Purpose of the Water Pump? ?to move water. the pump works by decreasing the volume of the container of the water in in, causing an increase in pressure, so the water will then flow into any lowpressure area, often a nearby pipe, thus causing a flow of water. the pump with then reincrease the volunme of the container, causing a drop in pressure, making it want to suck water of higher pressure into the area, witch is often in a recently opended container to put more water in the original container so it can pump it through!2. 97 dodge van 3.9 water pump?The fan has a large nut that needs to unscrew off of the water pump. It is easiest to do that when pump is still on engine. It should be standard righthand thread3. how do I remove fan hub from 94 lincoln in order to replace water pump?should be 4 nuts holding fan on, you might need to wiggle fan some to get it off4. 100K water pump replacement on E46?Brod must never owned a BMW to say "why fix something that is not broke" . YES, you should replace the waterpump and thermostat. The reason why is the pump can give out causing the car to overheat or like mine, the pump bearing gave out allowing the attached fan to chop up everything in my engine bay ( belts ,pulleys,radiator etc) . Likewise a $20 thermostat could end up costing you much more if it gets stuck open or closed5. Water pump is constantly running! please help!?If you do not have leak in house, You either have a stuck foot valve or a very large hole in the pipe to the foot valve6. Estimated repair cost to replace water pump and timing belt?you know some shops do not like to put your parts on, some will not, some do not care because if its your parts, and there is a problem you have to straighten it out, and pay the mechanic twice if the part has tou be taken out. NO mechanic will warranty your parts, and remove them for free if they break. Here is a web site the prices are probably closer to dealer cost than a repair shop but it gets you in the ball park.Repair pal.com has some other information if you are interested. the cost for labor is 173 to 221 bucks I suggest you buy new parts and not cheap rebult parts. It will last a lot longer, and I know in partucular rebuilt water pumps are a bad bet and can fail almost as soon as they are put in7. The water pump would leak the water,why?There is a little machine hole in the bottom and when bearings and seals wear out it leaks from that hole. Just the way they are made8. What is the average life of a water pump?to many factors to consider such as: materials used for pump, pump design, the engine operator's driving habits. You could have had the wrong belt put on and that would effect pump life. There are just to many variables. I would say over 60,000 easy. Most pumps come with LLT Warranties b/c you should only have to replace one once.9. Water pump made of 2 liter bottle for school project?Another pump at the bottom with a tube running to the top. Alternatively just use mains supply through a tube if that is allowed10. problem with well water pump?Where is the noise coming from? The pipes, pressure tank, or starter box. I assume you have a submersible pump? If it is the starter box it could possibly be that your pump may be at fault pulling to much amperage and causing the starter box to make those kind of noises when it cuts out. Well pumps typically last for 15 to 20 years with the odd exception. Another thing to check is your pressure tank. If it is one of those old galvanized ones it needs to be charged with air regularly as they tend to become water logged giving you very little water in between pump cycles. Another thing you could try is cleaning the points with some emery on the pressure switch. They tend to become corroded and can cause problems with the pump operating at all
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